As it is the last post, I thought I would take the time to talk about privacy within the internet. It’s clear that is an issues that discussed and debated numerous of times, by governmental to communities. Do we really have the privacy within the realm of the internet?

Personally, I don’t think there is a real handle or better understanding in how to protect ourselves or our institutions from the invasion of others online. Yes, the series of social media and certain websites we’re on have put in place certain security measures in order to protect their users. But even with the measure instilled there are hacker who have found a ways to avoid and pass the security without any hesitation. For example the recent of arrest of Ryan Collins who had hacked into the several celebrities iCloud accounts and leaked very sensitive and personal pictures to the public. The good news is that they located the perpetrator and prosecuted for his action but the damage has been already been done. These celebrities’ sensitive pictures and documents are already circulating throughout the internet.  In so many, it’s feeling of violation and betrayal on the public parts. The online world has become no man zone, where regulation and rules are harder to enforce and put place. For myself, I have always been conscious about what I kind of information I post and I refuse to save and store sensitive information and or pictures onto an online storage.  I handle and store most of it in most traditional matter.  Will it ever change that is yet to happen. There still so much to understand about this wonderful but unexplored world of the internet.



Developed by Apple Inc., iTunes is a media player and media library in which allows us to download a range of media outlets from music videos, to music, television shows, audiobooks, podcast, movies and to ringtones. Pretty much everything you need to be entertained.  To download these series of outlets which are under copyright restriction, users need to purchase them.

If iTunes had fewer restriction under a Creative Commons, I feel like it wouldn’t be able to sustain itself anymore. As ITunes contents are always updated, they need the revenue in order to continue purchasing the latest contents. This can only be accomplished through users paying a fee for the contents they retrieve from iTunes.  But also having these restriction, iTunes has managed to keep adverts at bay which is usually found in other music application such as Spotify because users can only stream music if their online.

In some ways it is positive aspect as people have ownership over the contents they purchase from iTunes and are able to easily listen and watch them without the interference of adverts. The downfall I guess you can say, which is generally a common complaint is the notion of paying a fee. Yes of course the fee is usually 0.99p, which is relatively cheap, but if one purchases more than one, the amount can be usually high.

They’ve got nothing on me

Within the online world, it is safe to say you I am invisible in one sense. When I did google myself, the only things that had come up was my old Facebook page, which was displayed within a low budget profile search engine, called the and my high school year book on Other than that I pretty much have nothing else of me online.


I guess the reason would be is that I don’t like or feel comfortable with my information being out there so easy find and access. Of course I do use  Whatsapp  like many others, but it’s completely private. I also used Facebook but that’s private too. So private that it does even come up in on Google, Bing or any other search engines for that matter. But other than that I don’t really use any other social networks.  I am careful who I share my personal information, pictures and videos. Our information is used every single day without our knowledge. For instances, I know number of people whose identities are used by others and claim it as their own. That in itself is scary prospect. Our information is valuable, and its proven everyday by the amount time these social media networks, mobile or another institutions requesting us to do so. I feel like as the internet is new phenomena of our age, that people don’t really comprehend the damages it may cause when using our information.

Good ol’ Facebook

For me the most obvious example of an online community would be Facebook. Initially developed in 2004 as a Harvard University social networking site for students, it has succeed exponentially since then, with a gaining of 845 million active users worldwide.
The reason for popularity is that it projects itself as a new communications means. Unlike phones, and emails, users have more alternatives of connecting and communicating with others. Facebooks offers platforms whereby people are able to create personal profile, join groups that share the same interest, share photos and videos with others and most importantly provide an opportunity to connect with others living in different parts of the world. Most recently, Facebook has develop an online phoning system on the Facebook app, where people are able to call others freely by using the Wi-Fi connection oppose to paying for their calls.

Facebook logo and people silhouetted with their phones
The downfall of Facebook or any other social network provider for that matter, is the legitimises of some of these personal profiles. People can steal and claims others information and photos as their own. Although Facebook has a system where people are able to report the incident, it is not always taken down. Another disadvantage are known as trolls. Trolls are people who post abuse on others profile causing people to feel an immense amount anxiety stress and a times suicidal. The problem is there a certain anonymity within Facebook, where it is difficult to retrieve an accurate identity of someone. Plus as Facebook has confidential obligation, it will not always, unless under special circumstance, i.e. organized crime or terrorists, reveal the true identity others.


Think back when you had an essay due in couple weeks and you want a quick summarize of the topic in hand, where do we usually go to retrieve an explanation on the subject. Any ideas? Am sure many of you would vocalize it or secretly would have thought of it. If you thought of or said Wikipedia, you’re right on point.

The majority of us have or still use Wikipedia to look up and research on topics as its easier to access and  use. According to Wikipedia, the site it has published over 38 million articles in over 250 different languages and ranked as the fifth most popular site globally by New York Times.

Wikipedia is a website that can be easily classified as a site that is for the people and by the people. The information and data on the series of topics found on this site are all formed by the audience’s knowledge and expertise on the subject in hand. Wikipedia’s users or also known as the Wikipedians, and this includes anyone and everybody, have the ability to edit and add on information on any article they find or create one. Every single article has been shaped and influence by the Wikipedian’s knowledge. Now it not to say every information found in Wikipedia is valid or accurate. We should always research anything we  read on the site in order to examine its accuracy.


The Talented X-factor

So far what we can draw from Week’s 3 lecture and outlined in our reading ‘The Culture of Connectivity: A Critical History of Social Media’ by José Van Dijck, is that media convergence can be defined as an interaction between the old and the new forms of media. Basically in layman’s term, bringing the old into the new, sort of speak.

Thee best example of a media convergence would be the infamous international talent show. That’s right, X- Factor. Beside for its staggering popularity for the last decade or so, X-factor has manage to remain and prevail through the changes that digital media has generated. How it does it manage to do that you ask yourself?


Well, X-factor secrets lies in the series of ways it interacts with their audiences and for their audience to interact with them. The key was to use new media to connect and involve the audience by cleverly using the contest concept to get the audiences to vote for their favorite/preferred vocalists through their smart phones and iPads. The audiences also have the opportunity to call in, tweet and post their opinions on live TV and on other platforms, i.e. Facebook, Twitter. But mostly importantly X-factor usage of the emotional and personal backstory of their contestants on their website which creates an attachment or connection to the audience. Viewers are able read the stories and make comments and feedback on each contestants on the website. By having audience participation in this way, the X-factor creates an appearance for the viewers that they were not just merely audiences but also judges and friends of contestants and that their opinions and their votes do matter.

Online Resources: Ofcom

There are a series of resources available online for media students to locate and utilize to their advantage. One resource in particularly is Ofcom, a well-established and reputable communication regulator in the UK. Their job entails in ensuring that the public receives the best possible services in term of communication but also by protecting the public from any scams and sharp practices. What more, they are also responsible for enforcing regulatory rules for many various media sector, except for newspapers and magazines.


Now, you’re probably wondering why is this communication regulator site is considered as a useful resource for students to use in this module. Well beside for their regulatory responsibility, Ofcom also provides the latest news release, updates on changes in media spectrum such as the announcement of new appointed Chairman at a particularly media channel, speeches made by Ofcom’s panels, and facts and figures. What’s more, Ofcom also publishes a range of media based policies and research documents and release annual reports. All these information and data are valuable to us media students as it assist us in researching and development our paper.  Also, as it is an academic paper, providing accurate evidence from a well-known source produce even stronger paper.