Created in 1969, the ARPANET is recognized as the earliest form of the advanced computer network we know today. Simultaneously with the rising tensions between the US and the Soviet Union due to the Cold War, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) was set up to carry out military research. The US military also contributed by providing financial funding for the computer scientist’s research. The ARPA network ran on packet switching technology. The “goal was to link different computers together, both to increase overall computer power and to decentralize information storage (Strickland, 2007).”
In contrast, today I recognize the internet as a digital channel which can be accessed by individuals all over the globe. It can be utilized for: information, entertainment and communication purposes. It has become so integrated into our everyday lives that many of our face-to-face interactions have now been digitized; we now have online banking, online shopping, even hot food can be delivered to our door via the web. The rise of social media offers a platform where we can share our views publicly. Everything about the internet is public. It is for the above reasons that finding out the internet’s roots were in the military shocked me so much.
Chapman, C. (2009). The History of the Internet in a Nutshell. Six Revisions. Available from http://sixrevisions.com/resources/the-history-of-the-internet-in-a-nutshell/ [Accessed 3 February 2016].
Strickland, J. (2007). How ARPANET Works. How Stuff Works. Available from http://computer.howstuffworks.com/arpanet.htm [Accessed 3 February 2016].